Tuesday, August 12, 2014

#Ohio Native History: The First #NativeAmericans

The Shawnee nation are perhaps the most famous of all Ohio tribes but they weren't the only Native American tribal group in the area. The Great Lakes region were home to many small and large tribal groups with their own dialects and cultures. Each of the tribes had their own creation stories of how their ancestors had arrived in the region in which they lived. Oral stories were passed down from generation to generation. Cultural groups have come and gone in Ohio but they left behind archeaological and cultural evidence of their existence. In order to understand the Native American cultural heritage of Ohio we must go back in time and visit upon the tribes who once dwelt within the Buckeye State. We begin our journey during the Paleoindian Period. 

The Paleoindian Period lasted from 13,000 -7,000 B.C, which was towards the end of the Late Pleistocene Period. Paleoindian life revolved around the hunting of the great animals and was greatly affected by the Ice Age. The glaciers killed the plant life which meant the herbivores had to migrate elsewhere. Thus humans and the carnivores had to move with the herds into previously unknown territories. Paleoindian groups were highly mobile. Any given band could consist of anywhere between 20-60 members, all of whom were extended family. Hunting and gathering were done during the spring and summer months when smaller hunting parties left the group. These hunting parties would return during the fall and stay throughout the winter. Their diets varied depending on how successful the hunt was. Their clothes and the covers for their shelters were made of animal skins.

The earliest known Native American group to inhabit Ohio was the Clovis Culture. The Clovis Culture appeared around 11,500 B.C. but didn't inhabit Ohio until between 9500 - 8000 B.C.  The northern glaciers retracted, exposing new land for exploration and settlement between 17,500 to 14,500 years ago. The animals and Clovis culture took advantage of the new Ohio lands. During the late 20th century, the predominant theory of human colonization of the Americas had been Clovis First, meaning the Clovis Culture were the first group to inhabit the Americas. But scientists and historians are beginning to question the Clovis First theory.

In 2011, archaeologists at the Buttermilk Creek Complex close to Salado, Texas unearthed an occupation that was proven to be older than Clovis. The Buttermilk Creek Complex isn't the only archaeological site that predates the Clovis Culture.   The following are a list of sites that predate the Clovis Culture.

Pedra Furada, Piauí, Brazil (55,000 yr BP ABOX)
Topper, (at least 22,900 yr BP; possibly 50,000 yr BP but this is disputed) South Carolina, US
Meadowcroft, Pennsylvania, US (16,000 yr BP)
Cactus Hill, Virginia, US (15,070 14C yr BP)
Monte Verde, Chile (14,800 14C yr BP)
Saltville, Virginia, US (14,510 14C yr BP)
Taima-Taima, Venezuela (14,000 yr BP)
Connley Caves, Oregon, US (13,000 yr BP)
Page-Ladson prehistory site, Florida, US (12,425 ± 32 14C yr BP [15,405–14,146 cal yr BP])
Lapa do Boquete, Brazil (12,070 ±170 14C yr BP)
Paisley Caves, Oregon, US (14,300 cal yr BP)
Tanana Valley, Alaska, US (13,000–14,000 cal yr BP)
Nenana valley, Alaska, US (12,000 yr BP)
Tibit√≥, Colombia (11,740 ±110 14C yr BP)
Tagua-Tagua, Chile (11,380 ±380 14C yr BP)

New archeological discoveries and research is starting to shed light on an earlier group of people to inhabit North American known as the Solutreans. The Solutreans were Caucasians tribes that inhabited the Americas. Ohio does not have evidence of this group because at the time of their existence Ohio was under sheets of ice. 

#ExpressYourself: My Teen Crushes and Steampunk?

Happy Tuesday, everyone. Can you believe it's the middle of August already? This summer has just flown by so fast. Today I am answering two Express Yourself questions because I am catching up on my blogging.

Question #1 = Who were your celebrity crushes when you were a teen?

This may sound quite odd but I tended to fall in love with the characters more than the actors who portrayed them. Here are a few of the characters I had a crush on.

Wesley Crusher (Star Trek: TNG) 
Worf (Star Trek: TNG) 
William F. Cody (Young Riders) 
James Butler Hickok (Young Riders)
Buck Cross (Running Buck)(Young Riders)
Ike McSwain (Young Riders)
Hank (Dr. Quinn Medicine Woman)
Sully (Dr. Quinn Medicine Woman)
Cloud Dancing (Dr. Quinn Medicine Woman)

Question #2: What is one thing Steampunk-ish I find fascinating from books, TV, movies and/or the internet. 

That's a great question! What I love most about the Steampunk genre is freedom in creativity it gives you. Steampunk opens the mind to all kinds of wonders. New worlds and alternative worlds are just waiting to be explored. 

Sunday, August 10, 2014

What'sUpWithAllison: New stories and camp? #IamWriting #Camp

Good Morning! This summer has been full of changes for me as an author, publisher and educator. My writing routine was interrupted this summer but no longer. I am currently working on rewriting Calico with the protagonist being her husband. I also will have two more shorts coming out soon. One is a paranormal story that takes place in the Big Bend region of Texas. The Lady of Wild Rose Pass is based on a ghost legend from that area. My second short is a Christian short titled Where Grace and Faith Collide. It is based on a true story that happened in my family. That short story became the inspiration for my movie, Field of Grace. I am working on converting the movie to novel format. I am so excited to be back to writing and look forward to publishing more stories for my readers to enjoy.

Ok, so what's up with the camp song in the video? Well, I am pleased to announce that I am starting a writing program for all ages called Arts in the Parks. It's a writer's retreat that takes place in the local, state, and national park systems for students from K through adult. I am still working on the website for the program but as soon as I have it all in place I will make the big announcement. Arts in the Parks is more than a writer's retreat. I will also have day camps for the performing and visual arts. It is my goal to have the curriculum implemented throughout the nation. I plan to start in Indiana, Kentucky, Ohio, Michigan and Illinois.

Friday, August 8, 2014

#Blessings: Ph.D here I come! #education #authors

It's been a very busy summer for me and I've been MIA for the past month. But now I'm back in full force with some very exciting news. I have been accepted into Walden University's Ph.D in Education program. I am so excited. I told my husband in 2006, when I had gained my Texas teacher certification, that I wanted to earn my Ph.D in Education and teach on the university level. Last year, I obtained my MFA in Creative Writing from Full Sail University. Obtaining the degree changed my life. I'm the proud owner of Mountain Springs House, a publishing company that offers services to authors and business owners. My MFA also made me a stronger writer. I can't wait to see what will happen in my life as I work on my Ph.D. I have always loved to teach and I have some great ideas that will change the way we teach the literary arts.

Thursday, July 10, 2014

Marion, Ohio's #President: Warren G. Harding

Marion, Ohio’s Own:President
Warren G. Harding

My mother’s family came to this county before the United States existed. My ancestors fought in the Revolutionary War. After the war ended we travelled into the Ohio Wilderness where my family settled into the Ohio Territory. We were there when Ohio became a state. We were there to help form Marion County, Ohio and we were there when Marion, Ohio became a town. My family has seen Marion, Ohio grown from a small town into the small city it is today. We have seen Presidents come and go from President Washington to President Obama but none have lived closer them than President Warren G. Harding.

Warren G. Harding was born the eldest of eight children, on November 2, 1865 in Marion, Ohio to Dr. George Tyron Harding, Sr. and Phoebe Elizabeth (Dickerson) Harding. At the age of 10, Warren began to work with his father on the small family owned and operated local newspaper, The Argus. There he fell in love with the newspaper trade. Harding attended the Ohio Central College in Iberia, Ohio where he studied printing and newspaper trade. In 1882, at 16 years of age, he graduated with a Bachelor of Science. He was an accomplished public speaker. Four years later, he bought the Marion Daily Star, one of three newspapers in the city for $300. The strongest read paper at the time was The Marion Independent. Harding worked hard to unset the paper and move his own into its position. The effort took its toll on Harding. In 1889, he suffered from exhausted and nervous fatigue but his paper was one of the most popular newspapers of Marion County. After spending several weeks at the Battle Creek Sanitarium, Harding returned to his beloved paper. In 1891, Harding married Florence Kling DeWolfe, the daughter of his newspaper nemesis, Amos Hall King. By 1896, the Marion Daily Star became so popular his rival newspapers had gone out of business. It became so strong; Harding and his wife were able to travel around the country, which exposed Harding at political gatherings.

The following years, Harding moved out of the newspaper business and into politics. In 1889, he served two terms on Ohio State Senate for the 13th Senatorial District then was awarded the Lt. Governorship of Ohio from 1904 to 1906. In 1910 he ran for Ohio State Governor but lost the race to the incumbent Judson Harmon. During his presidential campaign of 1920, Harding held many speeches from railcars and his front porch. Many came from all over to hear him. He won the election and served as U.S. President from 1921-1923. President Warren G. Harding died in mid conversation with his wife at 7:35pm on August 2, 1923 from a heart attack. President Harding was buried in Marion, Ohio on August 10, 1923. His wife died on November 21, 1924. On December 20, 1927 both the President and his wife’s bodies were reburied at the new Harding Memorial. You can visit both their graves and their house. 

#HeSaidWhat: Little Owl, warrior, husband, father, passionate lover!