|Ice Cream by Ceressa Bateman|
Ice Cream Day!
Ice Cream Day! Now here's a day I could celebrate! It's easy. Just grab some ice cream and enjoy the delicious treat. Ok, so it's December and it could be cold where you are at. But you can still try it. My Amish friends eat Ice Cream in the winter because they say its best when its cold outside. My husband would agree with them. In fact the best temperature to serve ice cream is at 8 degrees F.
The global value of ice cream is 7.5 billion dollars. In the US dollar that's 11 billion! The five countries that eat the most ice cream are USA, New Zealand, Denmark, Australia, Belgium/Luxembourg. We Americans sure do love our ice cream. Americans spend on almost $20 billion a year just on this treat.
On average, Americans yearly consume 23.2 quarts of ice cream, ice milk, sherbet, ices and other commercially produced frozen dairy products. The treat is consumed by 90% of American households and the most popular day to eat ice cream is on Sunday. The highest months for ice cream consumption? July through August. Here are some links to other interesting ice cream facts: http://www.ice-cream-recipes.com/ice_cream_facts.htm and http://inventors.about.com/b/2012/05/23/i-scream-for-ice-cream-2.htm
An Ancient Oddity
So who actually invented ice cream? It all started with the Persians. The ancient Persians were serving an early form of ice cream by gathering snow and pouring grape juice over it. They kept the snow year round by keeping it in a cold underground chamber known as a Yakhchāl. In 400BC the Persians created an ice desert made of rose water and vermicelli that was mixed with saffron and various fruits. The chilled desert was served in the summer. As the Arabs spread their influence throughout the world their chilled ice recipe travelled with them. Thus by the middle ages, the Arabic iced treat was all over Europe.
Here's a Persian Ice Cream Recipe http://persiankitchen.wordpress.com/2009/05/29/persian-ice-cream/
and here is a modern Arabic Ice Cream Recipe: http://www.cafecreosote.com/recipe1.php3?rid=20
During the 4th century AD, the Roman Emperor Nero commanded his slaves to bring snow and ice down from the mountains. He made his own ice cream and served it with fruit toppings. You can make his recipe today.
Clink here to try it: http://www.stevespanglerscience.com/experiment/homemade-ice-cream-sick-science
These early treats were more of flavored ice treats than ice cream. Chinese Emperor Tang of the Shang Dynasty (618-697 AD) is credited with adding milk to the early ice creams. He had a high flavor for food and beverages. When his chefs had brought him an iced treat he thought it was too bland for his taste. He ordered that his ice treat be made by combining cow's milk, flour and a little camphor. The result was an iced cream. By the time Marco Polo visited China in 1254 AD, the Chinese had perfected the iced cream by freezing the cream using salt and salpeter to lower the freezing point of ice. Marco Polo brought the iced creamed recipe back to Italy.
In 1533, when Duchess Catherine de Medici married the future king of France Henri II of France she not only brought her chefs with her but the recipe for ice creamed. Her chef served the wonderful treat to the wedding guest for an entire month. The French fell in love with the desert. By the 17th century the making of iced treats was very popular throughout Europe, though the recipes were a well guarded secret. The making of ice creamed was so exclusive that in 1671 British King Charles II during the Feast of St. George at Windsor Castle had ordered only one plate of white strawberries and one plate of iced cream served to the guests at his table. The others had to watch as the nobles enjoyed the treat.
|Trio of Sorbets by Bob Walker|
Antonio Latini (1642–1692), a Spanish Viceroy living in Naples is credited being the first person to write down the recipe for Sorbetto. Today we know the dessert as sorbet. Sorbetto. Sorbetto was created by adding sugar to the iced desserts. Latini changed the recipe by adding milk to the mixture. His milk based sorbet is considered to be the first "official" ice cream.
Here's a sorbetto recipe from Italy: http://www.artofcookery.com/sorbet.htm
An American Treat
By the 18th century, the secret recipes for iced deserts was released to the public. The first recipe for ice cream was published by Mrs. Mary Eales Receipts in 1718. Which is seen here:
Take Tin Ice-Pots, fill them with any Sort of Cream you like, either plain or sweeten’d, or Fruit in it; shut your Pots very close; to six Pots you must allow eighteen or twenty Pound of Ice, breaking the Ice very small; there will be some great Pieces, which lay at the Bottom and Top: You must have a Pail, and lay some Straw at the Bottom; then lay in your Ice, and put in amongst it a Pound of Bay-Salt; set in your Pots of Cream, and 93 lay Ice and Salt between every Pot, that they may not touch; but the Ice must lie round them on every Side; lay a good deal of Ice on the Top, cover the Pail with Straw, set it in a Cellar where no Sun or Light comes, it will be froze in four Hours, but it may stand longer; then take it out just as you use it; hold it in your Hand and it will slip out. When you wou’d freeze any Sort of Fruit, either Cherries, Rasberries, Currants, or Strawberries, fill your Tin-Pots with the Fruit, but as hollow as you can; put to them Lemmonade, made with Spring-Water and Lemmon-Juice sweeten’d; put enough in the Pots to make the Fruit hang together, and put them in Ice as you do Cream.
Americans took the idea of ice cream with enthusiasm. That same year, the Governor Bladen of Maryland served the new dessert to his guests.
In 1776, America's first ice cream parlor was opened in New York. Americans called the dessert Ice Cream. It has been known by this eversince.
George Washingon spent $200 to taste this wonderful new treat. He along with Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson at ice cream on a regular basis. In 1813, Dolly Madison served ice cream to her husband, James Madison, and his guests at his Inaugural Ball.
Hmm, is there anything better to eat than Ice Cream? My favorite is Moose Tracks, Chocolate, Mint and Rock Road. What's yours?