Friday, December 7, 2012

LID: Yummy #CottonCandy Day!

Mmm...the annual cotton candy festival by comp rock

December 7

Cotton Candy Day

I can certainly enjoy this holiday!
 Cotton Candy has been around since the 16th century. The only ingredient in cotton candy is sugar. It is created by melting sugar then pushing those stands through small holes onto a cone. In the 16th century, sugar was expensive and the making of cotton candy had to be done by hand. Spinning sugar was labor intensive. It was known as Fairy Floss and was not available to the average person. Cotton Candy contains 105 calories and no fat. 

Cotton Candy History

The machine spun cotton candy we have all grown to come to enjoy was invented by four men: Thomas Patton, Josef Delarose Lascaux, John C. Wharton, and William Morrison.

 William Morrison was a dentist from Nashville, Tennessee who constructed with John C. Wharton the very first cotton candy machine in 1897. The cotton candy machine melted sugar using centrifugal force to spin the sugar and release the sugar into tiny holes before releasing it. Two years later they were granted a patent for their machine and in 1900 they received another patent to make cotton candy. The candy makers took their machine to the Saint Louis World's Fair in 1904. It was one of the first times cotton candy was sold to a large audience. Morrison and Wharton sold a box of cotton candy for 25cents, half the cost for admission to the fair. They called their cotton candy Fairy Floss.  The fair goers loved it. It was relatively inexpensive for an enjoyable treat. Morrison and Wharton sold approximately 68,655 boxes of cotton candy for a total of $17,163.75. 

Thomas Patton had been experimenting with separating caramelized sugar with a fork. He came up with a machine that used a gas fired rotating plate to spin the sugar until it formed into threads. The threads were then collected into a big cotton ball. He received a patent for his machine and another patent for making cotton candy in 1900. Patton then presented his machine to the Ringling Brothers' Circus. The circus tried it and found that it was a huge hit with the children. They bought the machine and have been selling cotton candy ever since. 

Around the same time a dentist from New Orleans, Louisiana named Josef Delarose Lascaux had also been experimenting with cotton candy. In 1921 he created a cotton candy machine and sold the fluffy stuff to his patients in his office. He patented the name Cotton Candy but never received a patent for making it nor did he patent his machine. The terms Fairy Floss eventually faded away and the sweet. fluffy candy became known as Cotton Candy. 

The portable cotton candy machines made cotton candy to become a huge hit at fairs, circuses, carnivals and ball parks. The machines operated with a pan at the base and a rotating heating core int eh middle. Cotton Candy machine operators could only create one serving at a time thus making their sales only on a small scale. That all changed in 1972 with the invention of the automatic Cotton Candy machine. The new Cotton Candy machine lead to the mass marketing of Cotton Candy. 

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